You  I ; You are <> I am; Your <> My
Viết thư 120:


Dear XYZ, ( tên của người gửi)
Mở bài: It has been so long since I last heard from you. What have you been up to lately?. I and my family are doing fine here. Hopefully, you and your beloved family are doing well too. I’m pretty good in spite of working hard. Anyway, the reason I’m writing this letter to you is to answer some questions that you raised in your letter.
Thân bài: I’m greatly happy/sorry to hear that + copy một câu dẫn trong bài viết thư..đổi ngôi. Regarding the first question, I would highly emphasize that (trả lời câu hỏi 1 +lý do + ví dụ). The second thing I would add that ( trả lời câu hỏi 2 +lý do + ví dụ). In relation to the third question, I would mention that ( trả lời câu hỏi 3 +lý do + ví dụ). Another thing is that ( ( trả lời câu hỏi 4 +lý do + ví dụ). Last but not least, ( trả lời câu hỏi 5 +lý do + ví dụ).
Kết bài: My writing seems incredibly long , thus I have to get back to work immediately. It will be extremely great to catch up with you again soon. Give my best regards to everyone in your beloved family and take the best care of you. Best wishes, Mark



Formal letter (Thư trang trọng)
Dear Mrs Jane Bone,
I am writing in reply to you regarding your request of answering the questions that you raised in your letter.
Regarding to your first question I would hihgly emphasize that (trả lời câu hỏi 1 +lý do + ví dụ). The second thing I would add is that ( trả lời câu hỏi 2 +lý do + ví dụ). In relation to the third question, I would mention is that ( trả lời câu hỏi 3 +lý do + ví dụ). Another thing is that ( trả lời câu hỏi 4 +lý do + ví dụ). Last but not least, ( trả lời câu hỏi 5 +lý do + ví dụ).
I am hopeful that what I have noted down is greatly useful for you. If you would like any further information, please kinly contact me at 09xx.xxx.xxx or email me at @abcgmail.com. I look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience. Best regards,
Rose





Luận 250 từ



1.Tranh luận (Agree/ disagree/)
- Câu hỏi trong đề thường có dạng: Do you agree or disagree? / To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Mở bài: It is an undeniable fact that... (Quan điểm 1). In contrast, other people believe that (quan điểm 2). Therefore, from my point of view, I am totally in agreement with the statement of that (quan điểm 1 hoặc 2)
Thân bài Starting with the first main point, I strongly agree that (quan điểm đã lựa chọn của mình) because of some following reasons. The first reason I would mention is that (lý do 1 + ví dụ). The second reason could be explained that… (lý do số 2 + ví dụ ) . The third reason is that… (lý do 3 + ví dụ). Last but not least,… (lý do 4 + ví dụ) . In short, (nhắc lại quan điểm đã lựa chọn)
Kết bài: In a nutshell, I would come up with the conclusion that (quan điểm đã lựa chọn) because of (lý do 1,2,3,4).Therefore, it is suggested that the Government/ parents/ teachers/people should support this trend/ take considerations this issue thoroughly



2. Thuận lợi và bất lợi (Advantages and Disadvantages)
- Câu hỏi thường được đưa dưới dạng: What are the advantages and disadvantages of (topic)…? Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages for (topic)…?
Bố cục bài:
Mở bài: It is believed that ( general statement) While there are some advantages of this trend, I would argue that its disadvantages are more significant. Therefore, both positive and negative points are presented in this essay.
Thân bài:
Đoạn 1: On the one hand, the benefits of (topic) should not be underestimated. The first benefit is that...( lý do 1).The second benefit is that.....(lý do 2). The third benefit is that ( lý do 3). In short, there are several important benefits for (topic).
Đoạn 2: On the other hand, I support the view of those who believe that the disadvantages of ( topic) outweigh the advantages. Firstly. ( lý do 1)..Secondly.( lý do 2) ..Thirdly... ( lý do 3). In brief, there are some disadvantages of ( topic).
Kết bài: In a nutshell, I would come up with the conclusion that despite the drawbacks of (topic), I believe the benefits outweigh the disadvantages. It is suggested that the Goverment/ people/ teachers/ parents/ individuals should balance both advantages and disadavantages of....( lời khuyến nghị)



3. Thảo luận vấn đề, nguyên nhân và giải pháp (Problems, Causes & Solutions)
- Câu hỏi phổ biến: What are the reasons/ effects/causes/ problems of (topic)? What are the solutions/ measures/ improvements/ suggestions to solve this problem?
- Bố cục bài:
Mở bài: In recent years, it is believed that (general statement) and this seems to be an increasingly common trend in many countries. There are a number of reasons behind this tendency and I would argue that it has a serious negative impact on society. This situation prompts actions, and I believe that there are a number of measures should be taken to solve these problems.
Thân bài:
Đoạn 1: To begin with, it can be noted that there are some important reasons why ( topic). The first reason is that ...( lý do 1) . The second reason is that ( lý do 2). The third reason is that ( lý do số 3). In short, there are several reasons of why ( topic)
Đoạn 2: The problems of (topic) can result in some negative effects. The first negative effect is that ( ảnh hưởng số 1). The second effect is that ( ảnh hưởng số 2). The third effect is that( ảnh hưởng số 2). Therefore, the solution is suggested that (giải pháp 1 ). Hence, another sollution should be focused that (giải pháp 2), Accordingly, the sollution is mentioned that( giải pháp 3). In brief, there are some negative effects and some following sollutions of ( topic).
Kết luận: In a nutshell, I would come up with the conclusion that (topic) is caused by several factors/ reasons (lý do 123) and this problem might bring about serious impact/ effects ( ảnh hưởng 1,2,3). As a result, it is suggested that ....( giải pháp 123) should be taken in consideration thoroughly




4. Thảo luận quan điểm (Discuss both views)
- Câu hỏi phổ biến: Discuss your views. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
Bố cục bài:
Mở bài: In recent years, there has been a growing debate as to whether ( quan điểm 1). In contrast, other people hold the view that ( quan điểm 2). Therefore, in this essay, I am going to investigate these issues from both points of view.
Thân bài: Đoạn 1: On the one hand, there are variety of why ( quan điểm 1) because of some following reasons. The first reason is that ( lý do 1). The second reason could be explained that ( lý do 2). The third reason is that ( lý do 3). To sum up, ( nhắc lại quan điểm 1).
Đoạn 2: On the other hand, it can be noted that (quan điểm 2) because of some following reasons. Firstly, ( lý do 1). Secondly ( lý do 2). Thirdly ( lý do 3). In short, ( nhắc lại quan điểm 2).
Kết bài: In a nutshell, I would come up with the conclusion that both arguments have their merits. On balance, however, I feel that (chọn quan điểm 1 hoặc 2). This is because ( lý do 1,2,3 của quan điểm đã chọn)




Nói:


Mẹo: Từ để hoi wh-questions => bỏ, You=> I=>đọc phần còn lại + cung cấp thông tin thêm
 I DO THE EXERCISE + TO cụm từ chỉ mục đích cho phù hợp
 I do the exercise beecause I want to + cụm từ chỉ mục đích cho phù hợp
SPEAKING 1: 12’
Part 1: (3 phut)
Chủ đề 1: Well I’m going to talk about the topic of ……. The first thing I would like to say that ( trả lời câu hỏi số 1) . The second thing I would mention is that (trả lời câu hỏi số 2) . Last but not least ( trả lời câu hỏi số 3)
chủ đề số 2: Moving on the second topic is ( tên chủ đề số 2). Firstly,( trả lời câu hỏi số 1) . Secondly, ( trả lời câu hỏi số 2) . Lastly, ( trả lời câu hỏi số 3)




Part 2: 3 (phut) -1’ chuẩn bị
Cách trình bày: MY SITUATION IS THAT (đổi ngôi và đọc lại câu đầu Topic). There are three options (óp-sần) that I am considering (con-si-đơ-ring) such as A, B, and C. I think, I would (út) choose (tru-s) A because it is very good and useful (iu-s-phun). In contrast (con-trát), I wouldn’t (út-đừn) choose (tru-s) B&C because they are not necessary (ne-sét-sơ-ri). To sum up (săm -ắp), I think A is my best choice (choi-s) because of its convenience (con-vi-niền-s).



Part 3: TOPIC DEVELOPMENT 4’-TALK + 1’ PREPARATION
Cách trình bày: I agree (đọc lại câu topic). This is because of some following (pho-lâu-ing) reasons ( ri-zần). The first thing I would like to say that it helps to (đọc ô số 1). The second thing I would like to mention that, it helps to ( đọc ô số 2)…... Last but not least, it helps to (đọc ô số 3)……. To sum up (săm-ắp), in my opinion ( óp-pi-niền) ( đọc lại câu topic)
3 lựa chọn về đồ vật three gifts/options/ways: because it is very good and useful…..because they are not necessary……………because of its convenince
3 lựa chọn về địa điểm three places: because it is very good and beautiful…..because they are very far …………because of its beauty
3 lựa chọn về con vật three animals/pets: because it is beautiful and cute……because I don’t like them……….because of its cuteness
3 lựa chọn về người three people/ persons: because he has a lot of experience ….because they are still young …….. because of his experiences